UNIX User's Supplementary Documents (USD)

.4 Berkeley Software Distribution

June, 1993

      This volume contains documents which supplement the manual pages in The Unix User's Reference Manual for the 4.4BSD system as distributed by U.C. Berkeley.

Getting Started

An introduction to the most basic uses of the system.

Describes a computer-aided instruction program that walks new users through the basics of files, the editor, and document prepararation software.

Basic Utilities

Steve Bourne's introduction to the capabilities of sh, a command interpreter especially popular for writing shell scripts.

This introduction to csh, (a command interpreter popular for interactive work) describes many commonly used UNIX commands, assumes little prior knowledge of UNIX, and has a glossary useful for beginners.

A super HP calculator, if you do not need floating point.

A front end for DC that provides infix notation, control flow, and built-in functions.

Communicating with the World

Complete details on one of the programs for sending and reading your mail.

This system for managing your computer mail uses lots of small programs, instead of one large one.

Text Editing

An easy way to get started with the line editor, ed.

The next step.

The document to learn to use the vi screen editor.

The final reference for the ex editor.

The definitive reference for the nvi editor.

Jove is a small, self-documenting, customizable display editor, based on EMACS. A plausible alternative to vi.

Describes a one-pass variant of ed useful as a filter for processing large files.

A program for data selection and transformation.

Document Preparation

Describes and gives examples of the basic use of the typesetting tools and ``-ms'', a frequently used package of formatting requests that make it easier to lay out most documents.

A brief description of the Berkeley revisions made to the -ms formatting macros for nroff and troff.

Another popular macro package for nroff.

The final word on -me.

Extremely detailed information about these document formatting programs.

An introduction to the most basic uses of troff for those who really want to know such things, or want to write their own macros.

Describes eqn, an easy-to-learn language for high-quality mathematical typesetting.

More details about how to use eqn.

A program for easily typesetting tabular material.

An introduction to one set of tools used to maintain bibliographic databases. The major program, refer, is used to automatically retrieve and format the references based on document citations.

Mike Lesk's paper describes the refer programs in a somewhat larger context.

This is an alternative to refer for expanding citations in documents.

These are programs which can help you understand and improve your writing style.


An introduction to the popular game of rogue, a fantasy game which is one of the biggest known users of VAX cycles.

You are the Captain of the Starship Enterprise. Wipe out the Klingons and save the Federation.