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Date:      Wed, 22 Nov 2006 11:33:17 -0500
From:      Jerry McAllister <>
To:        VeeJay <>
Subject:   Re: Password Security
Message-ID:  <>
In-Reply-To: <>
References:  <>

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On Wed, Nov 22, 2006 at 04:41:37AM +0100, VeeJay wrote:

> Hi
> I need to secure my data and server. Any advice will be highly appreciated.
> I am going to place my FreeBSD server at a shared place?
> I am just afraid that any unauthorized person might boot machine in single
> user mode and steal the data?
> How can I make my Server secure that if if boots in single user mode, it
> still demands the password and without password one cannot do anything?
> or make it possible that booting in Single user mode, doesn't provide any
> shell?

Lock it in a box.   Anyone who can put their hands physically can
get in to the machine with a little tinkering even if you disable
lots of software.

I think you can get rid of the single user option in the boot,
but anyone with a CD can defeat that if they want to.  It would
make things harder for yourself in managing the system, but it
would slow a person down from casual interference.

Also, many machines have BIOS level boot passwords that can be turned 
on.  Using that would slow a person down, but be annoying for youself,
especially in times such as power failures - the system would not come
back up automatically without someone entering the BIOS password.

Plus, if a person is determined enough, they can defeat that as well
by removing the battery backup for the MB or the flash memory.   But, 
it would stop casual tinkering.   


> Thanks in advance
> --
> BR / vj
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