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Date:      Thu, 1 Feb 2007 22:34:27 +0100
From:      Roland Smith <>
To:        Dak Ghatikachalam <>
Subject:   Re: How to upgrade an exist freebsd to freebsd6.2 ?
Message-ID:  <>
In-Reply-To: <>
References:  <001201c74188$503d97c0$dc96eed5@ihlasnetym> <> <> <> <> <> <>

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On Thu, Feb 01, 2007 at 04:02:33PM -0500, Dak Ghatikachalam wrote:
> This worked great  but  on mergemaster -cv in single user , at  one point=
> asked me these questions , I got nervous and puzzled
> Use 'd' to delete the temporary ."xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"
>  Use 'i' to install the temporary ."xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"
>  Use 'm' to merge the temporary and installed versions
>  Use 'v' to view the diff results again
> # xxx refers to path for config files,  I running on default freebsd mode
> and did not made any change

Config files can be enhanced/updated in between versions.

> I just presses ENTER key the default ( because it advised to be left for
> later consideration"
> DO I just not bother any more.

If it is a file where you are certain you haven't made changes, choose
'i'. (E. g. the scripts in /etc/rc.d)

For some files it is better to keep your version, like /etc/rc.conf, or
/etc/hosts. So it's probably best to choose 'd', or save for later.

In other files, like /etc/group, you want to keep your modifications,
but you probably also want to keep the changes that the new version
makes. Sometimes the new groups are essential for the running of the
systems. In this case you can either use merge, or save it for later.

What I tend to do is to keep copies of all the config files that I have
changed in a subdirectory ~/settings. If I want to make changes
to one of those files, I make the changes in the file in ~/settings, and
then copy them to /etc. The files in ~/settings are kept under revision
control (e.g. RCS), so that I retain previous versions. This enables me
to repair things if I screw something up.

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