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Date:      Fri, 25 Sep 1998 17:19:17 +1000
From:      Sue Blake <>
To:        Gary Godfrey <>
Cc:        freebsd-questions <freebsd-questions@FreeBSD.ORG>
Subject:   Re: newbie questions
Message-ID:  <>
In-Reply-To: <000101bde84f$340f72d0$>; from Gary Godfrey on Thu, Sep 24, 1998 at 11:39:09PM -0700
References:  <000101bde84f$340f72d0$>

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On Thu, Sep 24, 1998 at 11:39:09PM -0700, Gary Godfrey wrote:
> I just loaded freebsd with these directories: bin, des, dict,
> doc,info,manpages, ports, xf86332.
> All i have right now is command line and i only know a few commands.
> ls,chmod,cd.
> If x11 is a GUI windows type program how do i load it?
> Is there an equivalent of DosHelp where a full list of command line commands
> are available.

There's not really a list, because there's too many commands. If you're
running the bash shell, when you type 'help' you get a list of many
commands provided by the shell (though 'man bash' is better). There's a
lot more commands than what a shell provides, though. Lots! (try these:
'ls /bin' 'ls /sbin' 'ls /usr/bin' 'ls /usr/sbin' 'ls
/usr/local/bin' 'ls /usr/local/sbin') You probably want to know about
the everyday commands you'll need, and a book or online unix tutorial
is best for that.

Take a look at the tutorial for people new to both FreeBSD and unix on
the FreeBSD web site. You'll find a link to it on and you'll see other links from
there to various unix tutorials, X Window System info, and all the
FreeBSD documentation relevant for people at your stage.

BTW, is the best place for newbie
questions (FreeBSD-newbies is for idle chatter, not help) so I've
redirected this email to -questions so that others can learn from your
question. You might find a few more tips for getting help in the
FreeBSD Newbies First Aid Kit (FAK) at

If these two references aren't quite right for you, please write to me
or to freebsd-newbies and suggest how they could be improved.



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