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Date:      Tue, 25 Apr 2017 14:22:10 +0200
From:      Polytropon <>
Cc:        "James B. Byrne via freebsd-questions" <>
Subject:   Re: New question on Mate and FreeBSD
Message-ID:  <>
In-Reply-To: <>
References:  <> <> <>

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On Mon, 24 Apr 2017 17:25:11 -0400, James B. Byrne wrote:
> On Mon, April 24, 2017 16:45, Polytropon wrote:
> > On Mon, 24 Apr 2017 16:10:10 -0400, James B. Byrne via
> > freebsd-questions wrote:
> >> How does one drop out of slim to the console? I installed FreeBSD-11
> >> on a spare laptop and I am having some difficulty logging on through
> >> slim.  I have installed mate and slim but when I run slim it prompts
> >> for a login and then fails with 'unable to execute login'; or
> >> something similar.
> >>
> >> However when this happens I do not know how to get out of the
> >> graphical logon screen without rebooting the system.
> >
> > Solution A: switch consoles with Ctrl+Alt+PF1 / PF2 / PF3 / ...
> >
> > Solution B: do A, followed by "killall -9 slim"
> >
> > This of course doesn't work anymore when you're using sc "as"
> > the console driver, so you must use "vt". This _might_ indtroduce
> > new problems with character sizes, fonts, and locale support. :-)
> >
> > Sidenote: In normal text mode, you use Alt+PF1 / PF2 / PF3 / ...
> > to switch between the virtual consoles, the "Print / Sys Rq" key
> > can be used to iterate through the consoles.
> >
> >
> My usual practice on CentOS is to configure the host to boot into text
> mode and then run startx from the console to start the graphical
> desktop.

This can also be done on FreeBSD. Both a display manager and
the actual X session (running a window manager or a whole desktop
environment) can be initiated from the text mode.

> I have installed mate on the FreeBSD system but cannot seem
> to hit upon the correct manner to start it.  Well, it sort of starts
> but what shows up is not recognisable as desktop.  This is just
> ignorance on my part.  I had similar problems when I decided to use
> mate instead of gnome when I was testing RHEL/CentOS7.

I have recently switched an installation of a Gnome 2 "destroyed
by update" to MATE (and slim instead of gdm), now ~/.xinitrc and
~/.xsession get honored as expected. Interestingly, some of the
Gnome settings were "inherited", but others needed to be set up

> Does PF1 == F1 (function key 1) or does this refer to something else?

Sorry, that's my typical "IBM speak": The name PF key refers to
the correct term "programmable function key", but PF1 and F1 are
exactly the same thing. Must be the result of using a keyboard
where the actual labels were PF1, PF2, and so on... ;-)

Magdeburg, Germany
Happy FreeBSD user since 4.0
Andra moi ennepe, Mousa, ...

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