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Date:      Tue, 21 Jan 2014 14:30:51 +0100
From:      "Christopher J. Ruwe" <cjr@cruwe.de>
To:        freebsd-questions@freebsd.org
Cc:        mexas@bris.ac.uk
Subject:   Re: texlive fonts configuration: cannot find Arial, Times
Message-ID:  <20140121143051.7565c4b3@dijkstra.cruwe.de>
In-Reply-To: <201401211137.s0LBbEE9017782@mech-cluster241.men.bris.ac.uk>
References:  <20140120135140.0aafbaaf@dijkstra.cruwe.de> <201401211137.s0LBbEE9017782@mech-cluster241.men.bris.ac.uk>

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On Tue, 21 Jan 2014 03:37:17 -0800 (PST)
Anton Shterenlikht <mexas@bris.ac.uk> wrote:

> >Date: Mon, 20 Jan 2014 13:51:40 +0100
> >From: "Christopher J. Ruwe" <cjr@cruwe.de>
> >To: freebsd-questions@freebsd.org
> >Subject: Re: texlive fonts configuration: cannot find Arial, Times
> >
> >On Mon, 20 Jan 2014 11:40:40 +0100
> >Polytropon <freebsd@edvax.de> wrote:
> >
> >> On Mon, 20 Jan 2014 02:22:43 -0800 (PST), Anton Shterenlikht wrote:
> >> > Hi
> >> > 
> >> > I'm starting to use texlive.
> >> > I installed texlive-full-20120701.
> >> > 
> >> > I need to build a document with these
> >> > declarations:
> >> > 
> >> > \usepackage{fontspec}
> >> > \usepackage{subfigure}
> >> > \setmainfont{Times New Roman}
> >> > \setsansfont{Arial}
> >> > 
> >> > [...]
> >> > 
> >> > I presume these basic fonts should be available
> >> > as part of the default installation, right?
> >> 
> >> I don't think so. Those are fonts made by MICROS~1 to avoid
> >> licensing real fonts. :-)
> >> 
> >> 
> >> 
> >> > So probably I haven't configured texlive fonts correctly?
> >> 
> >> I'm not sure in how far TeXlive is able to pick up fonts
> >> installed on the system (usually fonts for use in X), but
> >> maybe you could try installing the "webfonts" package? It
> >> helps to make web pages look better when they have been
> >> "optimized" for use with "Windows" (i. e., explicitely
> >> requiring things like "Arial"). The results can then be
> >> found in the /usr/local/lib/X11/fonts/webfonts/ directory.
> >> 
> >> 
> >> 
> >> > I've these directories:
> >> > 
> >> > $ ls /usr/local/share/texmf-dist/fonts/
> >> > afm             enc             misc            ovf
> >> > sfd             truetype cid             fea
> >> > ofm             ovp             source          type1
> >> > cmap            map             opentype        pk
> >> > tfm             vf
> >> > 
> >> > But not sure if this is enough.
> >> 
> >> Those are the fonts to be used with Metafont. As I said,
> >> I'm not sure if those can interact in some way with other
> >> fonts in the systmm.
> >> 
> >> 
> >> 
> >> Just as a sidenote:
> >> 
> >> If you want a good-looking serif font, just use the CMR
> >> (Computer Modern Roman) that is the default font for many
> >> LaTeX cases. If you want a Helvetica-like font (which "Arial"
> >> is a poor replacement for), try this:
> >> 
> >> 	\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
> >> 	\usepackage[scaled]{helvet}
> >> 	\renewcommand{\familydefault}{\sfdefault}
> >> 
> >> Note that I'm using this when I need a sans serif font, and
> >> it works in teTeX. Not sure if it will also work in TeXlive,
> >> but I assume this functionality has been kept.
> >> 
> >> Also note that it isn't "the real Helvetica", but a very good
> >> variation that comes with ligatures and looks _much_ better
> >> than shabby "Arial".
> >> 
> >> Maybe if you use
> >> 
> >> 	\setmainfont{cmr}
> >> 	\setsansfont{helvet}
> >> 
> >> you can get the same result? Again, note that I haven't tested
> >> this. But giving it a try isn't a hard exercise. :-)
> >> 
> >> 
> >> 
> >
> >If by some reasons such as e.g. "customer demand" you are forced to
> >use fonts normally not available in common latex, you can try xetex.
> >
> >Then, you have all fonts available which are pulled in by fc-cache
> >and declare for instance
> >
> >\setmainfont[Ligatures=TeX]{Avenir LT Std 35 Light}
> >
> >Cheers,
> 
> !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
> !
> ! fontspec error: "font-not-found"
> ! 
> ! The font "Avenir LT Std 35 Light" cannot be found.
> ! 
> ! See the fontspec documentation for further information.
> ! 
> ! For immediate help type H <return>.
> !...............................................  
>                                                   
> l.32 ...ont[Ligatures=TeX]{Avenir LT Std 35 Light}
> 
> It seems fontspec cannot find this font.
> 
> So do I only have availble what is returned by fc-list?
> 
> Thanks
> 
> Anton
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> 

I do not exactly know whether there is another way with xelatex, but I
believe that the answer is yes. All the .ttf and .otf fonts I have
available are listed using fc-list.

[cjr@dijkstra:~]$ fc-list | grep Avenir | grep 35         (01-21 14:20)
/usr/home/cjr/.fonts/Avenir LT Std/AvenirLTStd-Light.otf: Avenir LT \
Std,Avenir LT Std 35 Light:style=35 Light,Regular 
/usr/home/cjr/.fonts/Avenir LT Std/AvenirLTStd-LightOblique.otf:\
Avenir LT Std,Avenir LT Std 35 Light:style=35 Light Oblique,Italic 
/usr/home/cjr/.fonts/avenirltstd/AvenirLTStd-Light.otf: Avenir LT \
Std,Avenir LT Std 35 Light:style=35 Light,Regular 
/usr/home/cjr/.fonts/avenirltstd/AvenirLTStd-LightOblique.otf: Avenir \
LT Std,Avenir LT Std 35 Light:style=35 Light Oblique,Italic 


I have appended

<fontconfig>
        <dir>/usr/local/share/texmf-dist/fonts/opentype</dir>
        <dir>/usr/local/share/texmf-dist/fonts/truetype</dir>
</fontconfig>

to /usr/local/etc/fontslocal.conf and have a local ~/.fonts directory
which gets pulled in by fc-cache, although I do not remember at the
moment why. (FreeBSD Handbook 6.5.3? Could be.) It's the same to add
fonts to openoffice.

Cheers,
-- 
Christopher
TZ:         GMT + 1h
GnuPG/GPG:  0xE8DE2C14
 
FreeBSD 9.2-STABLE #1 r256184: Thu Oct 10 19:12:54 CEST 2013
cjr@dijkstra.cruwe.de:/usr/obj/usr/home/cjr/media/src/freebsd/base/stable/9/sys/GEN_WDTRACE 
  
Punctuation matters:
"Lets eat Grandma." or "Lets eat, Grandma." - Punctuation saves lives.
"A panda eats shoots and leaves." or "A panda eats, shoots, and
leaves." - Punctuation teaches proper biology.

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necessarily a good idea. It is hard to be sure where they are going to
land, and it could be dangerous sitting under them as they fly
overhead." (RFC 1925)



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