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Date:      Mon, 5 Nov 2012 20:34:34 +0100
From:      Polytropon <freebsd@edvax.de>
To:        grarpamp <grarpamp@gmail.com>
Cc:        freebsd-questions@freebsd.org
Subject:   Re: Character set conversion, locales, UTF-8, etc
Message-ID:  <20121105203434.0d9e2565.freebsd@edvax.de>
In-Reply-To: <CAD2Ti2_biQ+pOjh9AT2tC-=RBaaHf22U+aMDR+9vRg4bXduGbQ@mail.gmail.com>
References:  <CAD2Ti29qi_kXRYsvPuv873WSrX=x2Gh6cq28BcwsYd5s-t9eog@mail.gmail.com> <20121105022745.adc3e4c2.freebsd@edvax.de> <CAD2Ti2_biQ+pOjh9AT2tC-=RBaaHf22U+aMDR+9vRg4bXduGbQ@mail.gmail.com>

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On Mon, 5 Nov 2012 14:05:17 -0500, grarpamp wrote:
> >> As an aside, why does FreeBSD seem to default to the above locale
> >> instead of say, en_US.UTF-8 ?
> >
> > FreeBSD's file system does not default to any locale, as far as I
> > know. The system is "agnostic" to what the characters in the file
> > name mean or what symbol they should represent.
>=20
> Sure the fs is just binary, then viewed and written through
> the mask of the selected langauge layer I think.

Yes, that seems to be the case.



> > There isn't much you can do on file system level except renaming
> > the files: write a program that reads the file names according
> > to the preferred interpretation and write new names for them,
>=20
> I'll read more on language to see if I can reverse that and
> recover them or just replace with X's.

For X it's importat to have the required language variables
set and the fonts containing the characters which are represented.



> I was looking mostly for a tool that would show me what a
> filename or data looks like in hex, octal, and different
> selected encodings. Doing it by hand is slow. I'll check
> ports again.

The system already brings such a tool: od (octal, decimal,
hex, ASCII dump). For example:

	% ls -w m=FCslifra=DF.txt | od -h
	0000000      fc6d    6c73    6669    6172    2edf    7874    0a74

This is on en_US.ISO8859-1 (german special characters will be
displayed properly as 1-bytes both in X and in console mode).



--=20
Polytropon
Magdeburg, Germany
Happy FreeBSD user since 4.0
Andra moi ennepe, Mousa, ...



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