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Date:      Sat, 18 Nov 2006 12:20:33 +0000
From:      Dieter <freebsd@sopwith.solgatos.com>
To:        freebsd-questions@freebsd.org
Subject:   TCP parameters and interpreting tcpdump output
Message-ID:  <200611182020.UAA03897@sopwith.solgatos.com>

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In the tcpdump output below, the src machine is sending data to the
bsd machine.  At one point during this test, the bsd machine is slowly
falling behind, as shown in the smaller and smaller window size.

It looks like at one point, the bsd machine takes 5.5 seconds to
ack a packet.  :-(  Am I interpreting the -ttt delta time correctly?

Getsockopt() says bsd machine's send buffer = 33580, rec buffer = 197100
Is there a way for the bsd machine to find out what the src machine's
send buffer size is?  I doubt that it is large enough for 5.5 seconds'
worth of data, but it would be nice to know what the goal is.

Towards the end of the log, it looks to me like both sides are a
bit quick to resend data and acks?

000016 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1201508 win 65535
000641 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1201508:1202824(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000780 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1202824:1204140(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000013 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1204140 win 65535
000953 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1204140:1205456(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000938 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1205456:1206772(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000013 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1206772 win 65535
000640 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1206772:1208088(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000781 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1208088:1209404(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000012 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1209404 win 62903
001110 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1209404:1210720(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000780 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1210720:1212036(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000011 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1212036 win 60271
000641 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1212036:1213352(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000782 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1213352:1214668(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000013 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1214668 win 57639
000953 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1214668:1215984(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000941 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1215984:1217300(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000013 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1217300 win 55007
000952 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1217300:1218616(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000781 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1218616:1219932(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000011 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1219932 win 52375
000798 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1219932:1221248(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000794 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1221248:1222564(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000013 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1222564 win 49743
000646 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1222564:1223880(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000933 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1223880:1225196(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000013 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1225196 win 47111
000954 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1225196:1226512(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000625 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1226512:1227828(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000011 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1227828 win 44479
000798 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1227828:1229144(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000936 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1229144:1230460(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000012 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1230460 win 41847
000953 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1230460:1231776(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000624 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1231776:1233092(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000012 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1233092 win 39215
000797 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1233092:1234408(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000780 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1234408:1235724(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000011 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1235724 win 36583
000953 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1235724:1237040(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000937 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1237040:1238356(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000012 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1238356 win 33951
000641 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1238356:1239672(1316) ack 1 win 4096
001092 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1239672:1240988(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000013 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1240988 win 31319
000796 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1240988:1242304(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000626 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1242304:1243620(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000013 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1243620 win 28687
000952 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1243620:1244936(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000783 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1244936:1246252(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000015 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1246252 win 26055
000797 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1246252:1247568(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000937 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1247568:1248884(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000011 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1248884 win 23423
000797 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1248884:1250200(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000938 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1250200:1251516(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000013 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1251516 win 20791
000642 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1251516:1252832(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000782 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1252832:1254148(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000013 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1254148 win 18159
000797 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1254148:1255464(1316) ack 1 win 4096
001251 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1255464:1256780(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000014 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1256780 win 15527
000640 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1256780:1258096(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000937 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1258096:1259412(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000012 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1259412 win 12895
000797 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1259412:1260728(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000945 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1260728:1262044(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000012 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1262044 win 10263
000640 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1262044:1263360(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000952 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1263360:1264676(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000014 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1264676 win 7631
000796 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1264676:1265992(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000938 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1265992:1267308(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000011 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1267308 win 4999
000801 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1267308:1268624(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000936 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1268624:1269940(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000012 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1269940 win 2367
000798 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1269940:1271256(1316) ack 1 win 4096
099460 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1271256 win 1051			<-- window smaller than 1316
5. 537213 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1271256 win 4096		<-- does this mean 5.5 seconds?  :-(
000027 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1271256 win 31744
000026 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1271256 win 57088
000024 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1271256 win 65535
000333 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1271256:1272572(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000006 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1272572:1273888(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000034 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1273888 win 65535
000113 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1273888:1275204(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000157 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1275204:1276520(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000003 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1271256:1272572(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000012 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1276520 win 65535
000008 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1276520 win 65535
000134 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1272572:1273888(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000013 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1276520 win 65535
000144 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1273888:1275204(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000012 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1276520 win 65535
000145 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1275204:1276520(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000003 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1276520:1277836(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000012 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1276520 win 65535
000142 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1277836:1279152(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000013 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1279152 win 65535
000152 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1279152:1280468(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000149 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1280468:1281784(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000003 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1276520:1277836(1316) ack 1 win 4096	<--- dup data?
000012 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1281784 win 65535
000007 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1281784 win 65535			<--- a dup ack after only 7 usec?
000135 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1277836:1279152(1316) ack 1 win 4096   <--- dup data even though it was acked?
000013 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1281784 win 65535			<--- another dup ack?	
000144 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1279152:1280468(1316) ack 1 win 4096	<--- another dup data?
000003 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1280468:1281784(1316) ack 1 win 4096	<--- another dup data?
000012 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1281784 win 65535			<--- and another dup ack?
000005 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1281784 win 65535			<--- yet another dup ack?
000137 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1281784:1283100(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000158 IP src.rfe > bsd.12340: P 1283100:1284416(1316) ack 1 win 4096
000012 IP bsd.12340 > src.rfe: . ack 1284416 win 65535



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