Skip site navigation (1)Skip section navigation (2)
Date:      Mon, 06 Aug 2007 07:54:08 -0500
From:      Reid Linnemann <lreid@cs.okstate.edu>
To:        fbsd2@a1poweruser.com
Cc:        Ross Penner <ross.penner@gmail.com>, User questions <freebsd-questions@freebsd.org>
Subject:   Re: Installing from USB Flash Drive
Message-ID:  <46B719F0.2000803@cs.okstate.edu>
In-Reply-To: <NBECLJEKGLBKHHFFANMBOEKPCFAA.fbsd2@a1poweruser.com>
References:  <NBECLJEKGLBKHHFFANMBOEKPCFAA.fbsd2@a1poweruser.com>

Next in thread | Previous in thread | Raw E-Mail | Index | Archive | Help
Written by fbsd2 on 08/04/07 07:42>>
> I was really taken with the idea for using a USB flash stick disk drive to install FreeBSD from. I used the script from the mentioned URL below as the starting point. After some changes to the script I got it to work. I was able to boot off the USB flash stick disk drive, But then was faced with a show stopper. During the sysinstall process after it asks for hard drive fdisk and bsdlable info it asks you for where to get the install files from (IE: cdrom, remote ftp, floppy, dos partition, ECT) there is no option to tell the sysinstall program to use USB-dd as source location. 
> 
> So in summary, this idea is un-usable until the sysinstall program gets updated to include an option to use USB-dd as an install source.  This brings to light another problem. That is using floppies to install FreeBSD from. PC manufactures are no longer building systems with floppies drives included. Combining the FreeBSD floppy images to a single USB-dd image would be away to continue to offer this method of installing FreeBSD.
> 
> Included below is my working script to populate a 1GB USB flash stick disk with the FreeBSD cd1 iso file.
> 
> 
> #!/bin/sh
> #Purpose = Use to transfer the FreeBSD install cd1 to 
> #          a bootable 1GB USB flash drive so it can be used to install from. 
> #          First fetch the FreeBSD 6.2-RELEASE-i386-disc1.iso to your
> #          hard drive /usr. Then execute this script from the command line
> # fbsd2usb /usr/6.2-RELEASE-i386-disc1.iso /usr/6.2-RELEASE-i386-disc1.img
> # Change system bios to boot from USB-dd and away you go. 
> 
> # NOTE: This script has to be run from root and your 1GB USB flash drive
> #       has to be plugged in before running this script. 
> 
> # On the command line enter fbsd2usb iso-path img-path
> 
> # You can set some variables here. Edit them to fit your needs.
> 
> # Set serial variable to 0 if you don't want serial console at all,
> # 1 if you want comconsole and 2 if you want comconsole and vidconsole
> serial=0
> 
> set -u
> 
> if [ $# -lt 2 ]; then
>     echo "Usage: $0 source-iso-path output-img-path"
>     exit 1
> fi
> 
> isoimage=$1; shift
> imgoutfile=$1; shift
> 
> # Temp  directory to be used later
> #export tmpdir=$(mktemp -d -t fbsdmount)
> export tmpdir=$(mktemp -d /usr/fbsdmount)
> 
> export isodev=$(mdconfig -a -t vnode -f ${isoimage})
> 
> ISOSIZE=$(du -k ${isoimage} | awk '{print $1}')
> SECTS=$((($ISOSIZE + ($ISOSIZE/5))*4))
> #SECTS=$((($ISOSIZE + ($ISOSIZE/5))*2))
> 
> 
> echo " "
> echo "### Initializing image File started ###"
> echo "### This will take about 4 minutes ###"
> date
> dd if=/dev/zero of=${imgoutfile} count=${SECTS}
> echo "### Initializing image File completed ###"
> date
> 
> echo " "
> ls -l ${imgoutfile}
> export imgdev=$(mdconfig -a -t vnode -f ${imgoutfile})
> 
> bsdlabel -w -B ${imgdev}
> newfs -O1 /dev/${imgdev}a
> 
> mkdir -p ${tmpdir}/iso ${tmpdir}/img
> 
> mount -t cd9660 /dev/${isodev} ${tmpdir}/iso
> mount /dev/${imgdev}a ${tmpdir}/img
> 
> echo " "
> echo "### Started Copying files to the image now ###"
> echo "### This will take about 15 minutes ###"
> date
> 
> ( cd ${tmpdir}/iso && find . -print -depth | cpio -dump ${tmpdir}/img )
> 
> echo "### Completed Copying files to the image ###"
> date
> 
> 
> if [ ${serial} -eq 2 ]; then
>         echo "-D" > ${tmpdir}/img/boot.config
>         echo 'console="comconsole, vidconsole"' >> ${tmpdir}/img/boot/loader.conf
> elif [ ${serial} -eq 1 ]; then
>         echo "-h" > ${tmpdir}/img/boot.config
>         echo 'console="comconsole"' >> ${tmpdir}/img/boot/loader.conf
> fi
> 
> echo " "
> echo "### Started writing image to flash drive now ###"
> echo "### This will take about 30 minutes ###"
> date
> dd if=${imgoutfile} of=/dev/da0 bs=1m
> echo "### Completed writing image to flash drive at ###"
> date
> 
> cleanup() {
>     umount ${tmpdir}/iso
>     mdconfig -d -u ${isodev}
>     umount ${tmpdir}/img
>     mdconfig -d -u ${imgdev}
>     rm -rf ${tmpdir} 
> }
> 
> cleanup
> 
> ls -lh ${imgoutfile}
> 
> echo "### Script finished ###"
> 
> 
> 
> -----Original Message-----
> From: owner-freebsd-questions@freebsd.org [mailto:owner-freebsd-questions@freebsd.org]On Behalf Of Ross Penner
> Sent: Wednesday, August 01, 2007 2:34 PM
> To: User questions
> Subject: Installing from USB Flash Drive
> 
> Hi everybody,
> 
> I'm trying to install a system on a machine that doesn't have an optical 
> drive. I plan on using a USB flash drive to do the job and found a 
> messages from hackers@freebsd.org 
> (http://www.mail-archive.com/freebsd-hackers@freebsd.org/msg55434.html) 
> about just such a thing. The script provided converts the CD image into 
> one suitable for a flashmemory stick. I used  and coverted it without 
> issue. The instructions say to use dd to prepare the flash drive so 
> executed
> #dd if=flashbsd.iso of=/dev/da0
> I'm not entirely confident that that was the correct procedure, as I'm 
> quite unfamilar with dd. Unfortunetly, I can't seem to get the drive to 
> boot. I can mount the filesystem so it seems that prepareing the drive was 
> succesful. I'm using a via chipset and yes, the bios is set to boot from 
> USB-FDD. I used the 6.2 boot only image.
> 
> Thanks for any insight you can provide me.
> 
> Ross
> 
> --
> sig ho!

Please don't top-post.

You are correct, there is no option for a USB flash drive for your 
installation media. However, it is not a show stopper - you have the 
"file system" media option. You should mount the flash disk and use this 
option.



Want to link to this message? Use this URL: <http://docs.FreeBSD.org/cgi/mid.cgi?46B719F0.2000803>