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Date:      Mon, 02 Feb 2009 16:37:14 -0500
From:      Akenner <SlackWareWolf@comcast.net>
To:        freebsd-questions@freebsd.org
Subject:   Patching / Updating / Upgrading
Message-ID:  <4987678A.5050802@comcast.net>

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Hello all,

I've been using this list to my advantage for a while to learn things I 
can't seem to grasp, and I've gotten great amounts of help.

I have a question in regards to the process of patching / Updating / 
Upgrading I'd like a hand with. I have two machines running FreeBSD 
7.1-RELEASE and I'd like to make sure I've got security fixes on my test 
machine. I'm saying test amchine because the box I'm typing this from is 
an active needed desktop system I'm using for a lot of things right now, 
and I figured my best bet would be to set up another machine with a 
similar installation set so I could test out new ideas on that instead 
of risking breaking something on this one.

Anyway, I've been reading up on the CVS idea and asking things about 
freebsd-update, and I guess my question is more along these lines:

If I wanted to just make sure I've got bug fixes and security patches, 
would CVS or FreeBSD-Update be best for this? Or are they both good for 
this? I know in the Unix world there are generally a lot of things that 
do one thing very well but can generally do other things too.

I'm reading on CVS right now and it seems I could use this to keep the 
machine updated, but I'm having some issues understanding the idea of 
how it works. Basically, if I'm running 7.1-RELEASE, isn't that already 
the updated version? Or, have I maybe misunderstood something, and the 
tree RELEASE for 7.1 has bug fixes and security patches added to it, and 
I could CVSup to the newest release of 7.1 ?

Also, FreeBSD-update came across my reading, and it seems to be similar 
to swaret in the Slackware world. I know it isn't the same thing as BSD 
seems much more source based than other OSs, but I would like to get at 
least one of the ways to keep updated picked out, and started using on 
the test machine to make sure I fully understand it before using it to 
update my main box.

One of the things I did was make two copies of the example CVS standard 
supfile; one I made in that directory as standard.bak and then I copied 
a copy of it to the /root directory to look at and maybe edit as well, 
but as I said, I could use a hand in deciding which option is going to 
work best.

So if anyone could lend a little but in typing out what they use for 
updates and how they go about it, I'd appreciate it. I've already gotten 
a full CVSup file sent to me by a member on here which was a great help 
in deciding how to set up the file. I'm more or less wondering with 
CVSup if I keep using RELEASE or do I use Stable.

And of course if anyone uses freebsd-update if they have suggestions I'd 
love to hear those as well :)

-Allen



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