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Date:      Mon, 26 Jan 2004 12:52:52 -0800
From:      Mike <>
To:        Matthew Seaman <>
Cc:        freebsd-questions <>
Subject:   Re: Configuring IP address aliasing
Message-ID:  <>
In-Reply-To: <>
References:  <> <>

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Matthew Seaman wrote:

> On Mon, Jan 26, 2004 at 08:40:18AM -0800, Mike wrote:
>>QUESTION: Why do I use a different netmask ( for a IP 
>>alias on FreeBSD?  Why isn't used?
> It's all about routing of outgoing packets.  Unlike linux, you can't
> use the route(8) command to set up a route to a directly attached
> network.  All of the local routing is controlled through ifconfig(8)
> -- when you run:
>     # ifconfig fxp0 inet netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast up
> amongst other things, that establishes that interface as the route to
> the network.  It also says that the source address on
> packets sent out of that interface will be
> Now suppose you add an alias address on the same subnet:
>     # ifconfig fxp0 add netmask 0xffffffff broadcast
> Since the netmask is a /32 it says this interface is the route to the
> specific single address.  It also means that the address
> is only used on outgoing packets from connections directly to the
> alias address.  That's a bit of a simplification, as one of the
> principle uses for alias addresses is to support jail(8)ed processes,
> but it holds in general.
> Could FreeBSD use exactly the same semantics as Linux or Solaris --
> yes, sure.  But the FreeBSD way gives you a tad more control, and to
> be honest, it's the way it is mostly because the people who wrote the
> code thought that was the way it should be.  

Ah yes! What a great explanation.  Thanks Matthew.

	Best Regards,

> 	Cheers,
> 	Matthew

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