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Date:      Thu, 23 Jan 2014 13:57:20 -0800
From:      <dteske@FreeBSD.org>
To:        "'RW'" <rwmaillists@googlemail.com>, <freebsd-questions@freebsd.org>
Cc:        'Devin Teske' <dteske@FreeBSD.org>
Subject:   RE: awk programming question
Message-ID:  <04bd01cf1886$1844f390$48cedab0$@FreeBSD.org>
In-Reply-To: <20140123213352.5f289890@gumby.homeunix.com>
References:  <F01EB9CE742DEB17DB6B51C7@localhost> <alpine.BSF.2.00.1401230900270.76961@wonkity.com> <20140123185604.4cbd7611@gumby.homeunix.com> <04a201cf1878$8ebce540$ac36afc0$@FreeBSD.org> <alpine.BSF.2.00.1401231346520.80613@wonkity.com> <20140123213352.5f289890@gumby.homeunix.com>

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> -----Original Message-----
> From: RW [mailto:rwmaillists@googlemail.com]
> Sent: Thursday, January 23, 2014 1:34 PM
> To: freebsd-questions@freebsd.org
> Subject: Re: awk programming question
> 
> On Thu, 23 Jan 2014 13:57:03 -0700 (MST) Warren Block wrote:
> 
> > On Thu, 23 Jan 2014, dteske@FreeBSD.org wrote:
> >
> > >> From: RW [mailto:rwmaillists@googlemail.com]
> > >> Note that awk supports +, but not newfangled things like *.
> > >
> > > With respect to regex, what awk really needs is the quantifier
> > > syntax...
> > >
> > > * = {0,} = zero or more
> > > + = {1,} = one or more
> > > {x,y} = any quantity from x inclusively up to y {x,} = any quantity
> > > from x or more
> >
> > I think RW meant to type that awk did not have the newfangled "?" for
> > non-greedy matches.
> 
> No I meant it doesn't support *, which had been used in all the previous
awk
> examples in this thread, and would have been interpreted as a literal "*".
> 
> $ echo "sid:2008120; re" | awk ' {match($0,/[0-9]+/) ; \
>         s=substr($0,RSTART,RLENGTH) ; print "_",s,"_"} '
> _ 2008120 _
> 21:12 (bob) ~
> $ echo "sid:2008120; re" | awk ' {match($0,/[0-9]*/) ; \
>         s=substr($0,RSTART,RLENGTH) ; print "_",s,"_"} '
> _  _
> 

Awk does support "*" but you have to give match() something
to "anchor" to. For example...

$ echo "sid:2008120; re" | awk '{match($0,/[0-9][0-9]*/); \
	s=substr($0,RSTART,RLENGTH); print "_",s,"_"}'
_ 2008120 _


> 
> On Thu, 23 Jan 2014 12:20:26 -0800
> dteske@FreeBSD.org wrote:
> 
> > 1. sig-msg.map file according to OP shouldn't have the quotes that are
> > present from the snort rule input 2. Doesn't ignore lines of
> > disinterest
> 
> I know nothing about snort - I was just going on the previous posts, but
> FWIW removing the quotes is just a matter of changing:
> 
>     msg = substr($0,RSTART+4, RLENGTH-5)
> 
> to
> 
>     msg = substr($0,RSTART+5, RLENGTH-6)

The match() that preceded that (going back in the thread) was:

	match($0, /msg:[^;]+;/

That was bad for a couple reasons.

1. The msg could be the last property in the ( ... ) set, meaning the msg
would
either be NULL or contain too much (go beyond the terminating parenthetical
and on to the next semi-colon

2. If the msg is not double-quoted, you'll end up shaving the first and last
byte
unexpectedly.

Hence why I test the first byte of the msg and then split on a conditional
field
separator, later extracting the appropriate field based on traditional
parsing
logic (which a little googling helped when it came to finding out how simple
vs.
complex the snort rules file was).
-- 
Devin

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