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Date:      Fri, 03 Oct 2014 13:57:48 +0200
From:      Andrei Brezan <>
To:        allen harris <>
Cc:        FreeBSD Questions <>
Subject:   Re: log in and password.
Message-ID:  <>
In-Reply-To: <>
References:  <DUB407-EAS1160C159C7FE4621145B0EBB0A60@phx.gbl> <>

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On 10/03/14 12:08, Polytropon wrote:
> (Re-including list, hoe that's okay.)
> On Fri, 3 Oct 2014 00:29:06 +0000, allen harris wrote:
>> ive understood your reply and am now on top of what needs
>> doing but it still keeps asking me for a login which wasn't
>> set by me and am unaware of how to get around this, thankyou
>> for your patience I await your response.
> Please first make clear if you're missing a _user_ password
> or the _root_ password. There hasn't been a definite mentioning
> in your initial post. Having to deal with a system where someone
> else has set passwords that you don't know is always a bit
> problematic, but not impossible to solve. It requires that you
> try to tell as precisely as possible what's actually going on.
> When you enter single user mode, no password should be required.
> At the boot prompt, enter "boot -s", and then confirm /bin/sh
> as the default shell. Enter the command "mount -uw /" to access
> the root partition (where the password is stored). Then enter
> "passwd" (or "passwd root") to change root's password. You will
> not be asked for the previous password.

If ZFS is used I would do a "zfs list" to see which fs has the rootfs 
and "zfs set readonly=off name/of/rootfs"

Also it might help to "zfs mount -a" to mount all other filesystems as /usr.

I never tried mount -uw in single user mode on zfs though.

> Allow me to point you to the FAQ entry again, and check /etc/ttys
> if your console has been marked "insecure" which _might_ be a
> reason for still being prompted for the root password in single
> user mode:
> Do you have a FreeBSD live system (installation CD or DVD, or
> USB stick) available? You can use that to access the system's
> partitions and make changes independently from passwords restricting
> access therein (e. g., change "insecure" to "secure" console in
> /etc/ttys, if it should be needed).
> Is it possible for you to provide a screen transcript or screen
> capture of what you see? Please try to describe what steps you
> have taken and what results they ended in. This will make
> troubleshooting easier. At this time, it's just a WAG. ;-)


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