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Date:      Fri, 10 Feb 2012 08:15:41 -0500
From:      Robert Fitzpatrick <>
To:        FreeBSD <>
Subject:   Resetting RAID1 drive as Non-RAID
Message-ID:  <>

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I have a FreeBSD 9.0 server with an Intel RAID card that has two array
mirrors of which one has failed. The remote host was not responding and
had it reset to find in the RAID utility one of the drives had failed
one of the  RAID 1 arrays. Perhaps I shouldn't have, but I told the
utility to use the drive again and it added back to the array with the
'Rebuild' message on the array, which means to rebuild the array within
the OS. I went into the system as single user mode and did a 'fsck -y'
on all the /etc/fstab mounts...

> backup# cat /etc/fstab
> # Device                Mountpoint      FStype  Options        
> Dump    Pass#
> /dev/ar0s1b             none            swap    sw              0       0
> /dev/ar0s1a             /               ufs     rw              1       1
> /dev/ar0s1f             /home           ufs     rw              2       2
> /dev/ar0s1d             /usr            ufs     rw              2       2
> /dev/ar0s1e             /var            ufs     rw              2       2
> #/dev/ar1s1d            /data           ufs    
> rw,userquota,groupquota        2 2
> /dev/acd0               /cdrom          cd9660  ro,noauto       0       0

The drive that failed is in the ar1 array. I can mount /data in single
user mode and see all files fine, but it continues to report INCORRECT
well as allocated frags marked free and reports CLEAN no matter how many
times I run fsck on the drive.  I can mount the /data partition in
normal mode, but will receive errors about 'lock order reversal' when
doing umount on the drive or it will lock the system after several
minutes with panic error if left mounted.

Assuming my problem is that the drive needs to be replaced, now that the
drive is in the array again, the utility no longer indicates which drive
is bad. I believe I remember which it was, but not 100% sure. Is there a
way to determine which physical drive is bad using FreeBSD? If able to
reset to Non-RAID, would that allow FreeBSD to mount the DEGRADED array
and continue to access to the data or does the drive need to be pulled
in order to possibly satisfy FreeBSD to allow me to mount RAID-1 array
DEGRADED? In the end, I am hoping to mount this array with the one drive
until I can get the replacement drive installed. Thanks for any help, I
realize some of this is related to the Intel RAID, just wanted to see if
someone was familiar with how to recover from such a situation.

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