Install security/gnupg. Enter these lines in ~/.gnupg/gpg.conf to set minimum acceptable defaults:
fixed-list-mode keyid-format 0xlong personal-digest-preferences SHA512 SHA384 SHA256 SHA224 default-preference-list SHA512 SHA384 SHA256 SHA224 AES256 AES192 AES CAST5 BZIP2 ZLIB ZIP Uncompressed verify-options show-uid-validity list-options show-uid-validity sig-notation email@example.com=%g cert-digest-algo SHA512
Generate a key:
% gpg --full-gen-key gpg (GnuPG) 2.1.8; Copyright (C) 2015 Free Software Foundation, Inc. This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law. Warning: using insecure memory! Please select what kind of key you want: (1) RSA and RSA (default) (2) DSA and Elgamal (3) DSA (sign only) (4) RSA (sign only) Your selection? 1 RSA keys may be between 1024 and 4096 bits long. What keysize do you want? (2048) 2048 (1) Requested keysize is 2048 bits Please specify how long the key should be valid. 0 = key does not expire <n> = key expires in n days <n>w = key expires in n weeks <n>m = key expires in n months <n>y = key expires in n years Key is valid for? (0) 3y (2) Key expires at Wed Nov 4 17:20:20 2015 MST Is this correct? (y/N) y GnuPG needs to construct a user ID to identify your key. Real name: Chucky Daemon (3) Email address: firstname.lastname@example.org Comment: You selected this USER-ID: "Chucky Daemon <email@example.com>" Change (N)ame, (C)omment, (E)mail or (O)kay/(Q)uit? o You need a Passphrase to protect your secret key.
|1||2048-bit keys with a three-year expiration provide adequate protection at present (2013-12). http://danielpocock.com/rsa-key-sizes-2048-or-4096-bits describes the situation in more detail.|
|2||A three year key lifespan is short enough to obsolete keys weakened by advancing computer power, but long enough to reduce key management problems.|
|3||Use your real name here, preferably matching that shown on government-issued ID to make it easier for others to verify your identity. Text that may help others identify you can be entered in the
After the email address is entered, a passphrase is requested. Methods of creating a secure passphrase are contentious. Rather than suggest a single way, here are some links to sites that describe various methods: http://world.std.com/~reinhold/diceware.html, http://www.iusmentis.com/security/passphrasefaq/, http://xkcd.com/936/, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passphrase.