--- title: Chapter 8. Configuring the FreeBSD Kernel part: Part II. Common Tasks prev: books/handbook/multimedia next: books/handbook/printing --- [[kernelconfig]] = Configuring the FreeBSD Kernel ...
Chapter 4. Documentation Directory Structure
Table of Contents
Files and directories in the doc/ tree follow a structure meant to:
Make it easy to automate converting the document to other formats.
Promote consistency between the different documentation organizations, to make it easier to switch between working on different documents.
Make it easy to decide where in the tree new documentation should be placed.
In addition, the documentation tree must accommodate documents in many different languages. It is important that the documentation tree structure does not enforce any particular defaults or cultural preferences.
4.1. The Top Level, doc/
There are three sections under doc/, documentation and website share the same structure.
Contains all the articles and books in AsciiDoc format. Contains subdirectories to further categorize the information by languages.
Contains a set of tools used to translate the documentation and the website using Weblate. The Weblate instance can be found here.
Contains files that are not specific to the various translations of the documentation.
Contains subdirectories to further categorize the information by languages and three files to store the authors, releases and mirrors information.
This directory is shared between
Contains the FreeBSD website in AsciiDoc format. Contains subdirectories to further categorize the information by languages.
4.2. The Directories
These directories contain the documentation and the website. The documentation is organized into subdirectories below this level, following the Hugo directory structure.
Contain templates to create new articles, books and webpages. For more information take a look here.
Contain the Hugo configuration files. One main file and one file per language. For more information take a look here.
Contain the books, articles and webpages.
One directory exists for each available translation of the documentation, for example
Contain custom data for build the website in TOML format. This directory is used to store the events, news, press, etc. For more information take a look here.
Contain static assets. Images, security advisories, the pgpkeys, etc. For more information take a look here.
Contain the templates in the form of
Contain tools used to enhance the documentation build. For example to generate the Table of Contents of the books, etc.
This image doesn’t need an introduction ;)
License of the documentation, shared and website. BSD 2-Clause License.
The Makefile defines the build process of the documentation and the website.
4.3. Document-Specific Information
This section contains specific notes about particular documents managed by the FDP.
4.4. The Books: books/
The books are written in AsciiDoc.
For each FreeBSD book, the AsciiDoc document type (aka doctype) is
parts, each of which contains several
When the document is converted to HTML 5 (using the built-in
AsciiDoc section level 0 (
=) at the beginning of a
AsciiDoc section level 1 (
==) must be used for the first logical section of a chapter, and will be
AsciiDoc section level 2 (
===) must be used for the first logical subsection, and will be
– and so on. Reference: Section Titles and Levels | Asciidoctor Docs.
4.4.1. Physical Organization
There are a number of files and directories within the books directory, all with the same structure.
The _index.adoc file defines some AsciiDoc variables that affect how the AsciiDoc source is converted to other formats and list the Table of Contents, Table of Examples, Table of Figures, Table of Tables and the abstract section.
The book.adoc file defines some AsciiDoc variables that affect how the AsciiDoc source is converted to other formats and list the Table of Contents, Table of Examples, Table of Figures, Table of Tables, the abstract section and all the chapters.
This file is used to generate the PDF with
asciidoctor-pdf and to generate the book in one
Each chapter in the Handbook is stored in a file called _index.adoc in a separate directory from the other chapters.
For example, this is an example of the header of one chapter:
When the HTML5 version of the Handbook is produced, this will yield kernelconfig/index.html.
A brief look will show that there are many directories with individual _index.adoc files, including basics/_index.adoc, introduction/_index.adoc, and printing/_index.adoc.
Do not name chapters or directories after their ordering within the Handbook. This ordering can change as the content within the Handbook is reorganized. Reorganization should be possible without renaming files, unless entire chapters are being promoted or demoted within the hierarchy.
4.5. The Articles: articles/
The articles are written in AsciiDoc.
The articles are organized as an AsciiDoc
The articles are divided into sections (
=) and subsections (
===) and so on.
4.5.1. Physical Organization
There is one _index.adoc file per article.
The _index.adoc file contains all the AsciiDoc variables and the content.
For example, this is an example of one article, the structure is pretty similar to one book chapter:
--- title: Why you should use a BSD style license for your Open Source Project authors: - author: Bruce Montague email: firstname.lastname@example.org trademarks: ["freebsd", "intel", "general"] --- = Why you should use a BSD style license for your Open Source Project :doctype: article :toc: macro :toclevels: 1 :icons: font :sectnums: :sectnumlevels: 6 :source-highlighter: rouge :experimental: ''' toc:: [[intro]] == Introduction
Last modified on: January 8, 2023 by Jethro Nederhof